It's no secret that humans are basically running planet earth into the ground. While recent news stories would have you believe that much of this is a recent, post-industrial disaster, we've actually been ruining things for far longer than you may think. Like, hundreds and hundreds of years, in fact.
One of the first environmental disasters enacted by humans was colonization. Our moving into previously uninhabited areas and turning them into villages, towns and cities wreaked havoc on the wildlife. Nowhere was this more apparent than in the Galapagos Islands. When humans made moves there, the animal kingdom really took a hit. Almost every single species of the tortoise was wiped out - and one thought to be gone was the Fernandina Giant.
However, in a recent bit of unexpected great news, it turns out, we were wrong. Thanks to one tortoise Lothario, the species looks set for a bright future. Read on for the incredible story.
For those who haven't been paying attention, the world is kinda in crisis.
via: ShutterstockClimate change brought about by human activity is set towards reaching an irreparable state - and some of the world's most powerful leaders are still insisting it isn't happening.
In order to save the planet, big changes need to happen.Big, institutional changes. Things look difficult, but hey - it's probably worth it to save the planet we all live on, right?
The human impulse to over-consume is nothing new, though.
via: ShutterstockSome see colonialism as the ideological forbearing to climate change and other environmental crises - essentially, putting human growth as a priority over anything else.
The colonization of the Americas by Columbus is a prime example.
via: Getty ImagesBecause as Europeans gained more land to cultivate and live on, the cost to indigenous people and wildlife was enormous.
The planet's wildlife should be exceptionally diverse.
via: ShutterstockNature truly is miraculous, and also wonderfully weird. Some of the creatures and plants which exist on planet earth seem almost unbelievable.
Unfortunately, that variety is dwindling by the day.
via: ShutterstockAs human excess continues, the price is paid by tons of species of animals. The worst part? Once a species is extinct, there's no way to get it back.
One particularly rich natural resource was the Galapagos Islands.
via: ShutterstockThe huge variety of animal life found on this Pacific archipelago was one of the primary inspirations behind Darwin's theory of evolution.
The Galapagos are best known for their wildlife.There is a huge amount of weird and wonderful plant and animal species on the islands, many of which are not found anywhere else on earth.
However, the islands took a big hit when humans showed up.
via: ShutterstockThe colonization of the Galapagos Islands caused a huge disruption in their natural order. The humans quickly got to work messing up the islands carefully balanced ecosystem.
One animal that felt the brunt of it was the tortoise.
via: ShutterstockHumans destroyed much of the natural habitat of the tortoise. On top of that, the reptiles were hunted for meat and even for sport.
The numbers of the animals dwindled.Of the hundreds of different tortoise species indigenous to the Galapagos islands, only ten are thought to have survived human colonization.
Many of these species are small in number and live only in captivity.So, let's just say, the future for the Galapagos tortoise population wasn't looking so bright.
Galapagos tortoises are an impressive bunch.They tend to be extremely big, and live for an extremely long time. They're almost other-worldly, or like a harking back to a bygone era.
The Galapagos Islands once had at least fourteen species of the giant tortoise.
via: ShutterstockThe majestic creatures inhabited nine of the different islands which make up the archipelago. All were large and slow-moving, but has slight differences in shell shape.
The creatures are weirdly very cute.They have a withered, old-man-esque appearance, but their inquisitive eyes and sweet little head movements make them very endearing to watch.
A recent discovery has given us some much needed good news.
via: Getty ImagesA species of the giant tortoise thought likely to be extinct has been discovered, alive. The Fernandina tortoise (or chelonoidis phantasticus) has not been sighted for over a hundred years.
These tortoises are indigenous to the island of Fernandina.Fernandina is the youngest of the Galapagos islands, and is therefore still the most volcanically active. The frequent eruptions led most to believe the tortoise could not have survived there.
But this turned out not the be the case.A research team filming for the upcoming Animal Planet show Extinct or Alive? discovered the long-missing tortoise hiding underneath a bush.
Until now, this has been the only known image of a Fernandina tortoise.
Until this week, specimen 8101 was the only known giant tortoise from the Galapagos island of Fernandina. Congratul… https://t.co/PNrjHLWTbL— Henry Nicholls (@Henry Nicholls)1550706088.0
So, needless to say, people were excited by the discovery.
NOTICIA MUNDIAL | En la isla Fernandina - #Galápagos, la expedición liderada por @parquegalapagos y @SaveGalapagos,… https://t.co/VPTUI9ri6c— Marcelo Mata (@Marcelo Mata)1550615517.0
The expedition was led by researched Forrest Galante.
via: Getty Images"As a biologist and someone who has dedicated my life to the pursuit of animals believed extinct, this is by far my greatest scientific accomplishment and proudest moment," he told the Daily Mail.
Galante compared the discovery to another famous tortoise.
via: Getty ImagesLonesome George was the last-known member of the Pinta Island tortoise species. "Much like Lonesome George was an icon of extinction, I believe [this Fernandina tortoise] can become an icon of wildlife hope," Galante has said.
The discovery was made by a team of researchers.
via: Getty ImagesMembers of the Galapagos National Park and United States Galapagos Conservancy made up the tortoise-hunting squad.
The Fernandina tortoise is quite distinctive.
via: Getty ImagesThe female is fairly large and has a smooth, rounded shell. She's also recognizable by her adorable rounded, pink snout.
Animal Planet are thrilled by the discovery.
via: Getty Images"As the rate of animal extinction is widely debated, it gives us great hope that some species are surviving against the odds and that at Animal Planet we can do our bit to celebrate and support them," said the TV network's president.
The internet is equally excited.
via: Getty ImagesAlthough some have pointed out that the tortoise's lack of sighting may have been on purpose. "It took him 100 years to find a good hiding place now he gotta start all over again," joked one Facebook poster.
People are hopeful the tortoise isn't the only one.
via: Getty ImagesThere appears to be a good chance that there are other Fernandina tortoises also living on the island, meaning there is potential to continue the species.
Either way, it's nice to hear some positive environmental news.We'd like to offer our congratulations to the Fernandina tortoise - not only for managing to survive in what sounds like pretty hardcore conditions but also for being able to outsmart humans for over a century!
And it seems this trend is set to continue.Because there has been another piece of tortoise news which has got the internet excited this week!
The latest concerns a different tortoise species called the Chelonoidis Hoodensis.
via: WikipediaThey're also known as the Galapagos Tortoises and are native to the Espanola Island in the south of the archipelago.
Back in the '60s, the species was heavily endangered.
via: Getty ImagesThere were only 2 males and twelve females left in the wild - so immediate action was taken to protect them.
A breeding program was set up.
via: YouTubeAnd one male tortoise who was living in San Diego Zoo was selected to take part.
via: Getty ImagesFor more than fifty years, the tortoise has been the undisputed star of the breeding program.
He's been so successful at breeding, in fact...
via: YouTubeThat after fifty years of hard work, Ecuador's Environmental Ministry has decided the Giant Tortoise Restoration Initiative can be brought to an end.
Washington Tapia, director of the Giant Tortoise Restoration Initiative has spoken out on the success.
via: Getty Images"Based on the results of the last census conducted at the end of 2019 and all the data available since 1960, both of the island and its turtle population, we developed mathematical models with different possible scenarios for the next hundred years and in all the conclusion was that the island has sufficient conditions to keep the turtle population that will continue to grow normally, even without any new repatriation of juveniles."
The Director of the Galapagos National Park, Jorge Carrión, has also commented.
via: Twitter"In addition to the recovery of the giant turtle population, which went from 15 to 2000 thanks to this program, the management actions implemented for the ecological restoration of the island, such as the eradication of introduced species and the regeneration of cacti through Galápagos Verde 2050 project, have helped to ensure that the island's ecosystems currently have adequate conditions to support the growing population of turtles."
Diego has been very busy.
via: Getty ImagesSince his addition to the program, he's fathered over eight hundred tortoise babies.
He has some pretty impressive stats.Around forty percent of the current Galapagos tortoise population is now related to Diego.
He's spent more than eighty years away from his original home island.
via: Getty ImagesBut now, thanks to his hard work, he seems set to be able to return - along with fourteen of the other original breeders.