The Persian Empire was a series of imperial dynasties that lasted from the Achaemenids in the 6th century BCE to the Qajar in 1925. At the pinnacle of its power, the Persian Empire encompassed a region from the Balkan Peninsula to the Indus River Valley in northwest India and south to Egypt.
Throughout its history power changed hands many times, being defeated by Alexander the Great in 334 BCE and again by the Arabs in 651 CE. It’s no wonder the empire was so enviable to various conquerors – highly advanced for their time, the Persians were an exceptionally diverse and tolerant people. They engineered numerous innovations, formed trade routes throughout Asia, Africa, and Europe and created a lasting artistic legacy in a breadth of mediums such as metalwork, weaving, and ceramics.
Explore the facets of the Persian Empire, from their many conquests and unique cultural heritage to their agricultural practices and family life.